Gujarat Police Constable Model Paper PDF 11 | Mission Gujarat Police With GkJobs Team

Gujarat Police Constable Model Paper PDF 11 | Mission Gujarat Police With GkJobs Team 



Gujarat Police Constable Model Paper PDF 11

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box cloud storage free is available for Windows and macOS as a sync client that lets you easily drop data to your box cloud storage free folder for file and folder uploads. This can also be done through a browser window.

iOS, Android, BlackBerry, Windows Phone, and other mobile users can all download an application for viewing and sharing their box cloud storage free files. They can also upload photos and videos right from their device, enable files to be used when offline, and set a passcode for extra security. A dedicated mobile page that's optimized for mobile phones is also available.


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GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ 1 :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

What Is a Mutual Fund?

A mutual fund is a type of financial vehicle made up of a pool of money collected from many investors to invest in securities like stocks, bonds, money market instruments, and other assets. Mutual funds are operated by professional money managers, who allocate the fund's assets and attempt to produce capital gains or income for the fund's investors. A mutual fund's portfolio is structured and maintained to match the investment objectives stated in its prospectus.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૨ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો
Mutual funds give small or individual investors access to professionally managed portfolios of equities, bonds, and other securities. Each shareholder, therefore, participates proportionally in the gains or losses of the fund. Mutual funds invest in a vast number of securities, and performance is usually tracked as the change in the total market cap of the fund—derived by the aggregating performance of the underlying investments.


A mutual fund is a type of investment vehicle consisting of a portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities.

Mutual funds give small or individual investors access to diversified, professionally managed portfolios at a low price.

Mutual funds are divided into several kinds of categories, representing the kinds of securities they invest in, their investment objectives, and the type of returns they seek.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૩ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

Mutual funds charge annual fees (called expense ratios) and, in some cases, commissions, which can affect their overall returns.

The overwhelming majority of money in employer-sponsored retirement plans goes into mutual funds.

Understanding Mutual Funds

Mutual funds pool money from the investing public and use that money to buy other securities, usually stocks and bonds. The value of the mutual fund company depends on the performance of the securities it decides to buy. So, when you buy a unit or share of a mutual fund, you are buying the performance of its portfolio or, more precisely, a part of the portfolio's value. Investing in a share of a mutual fund is different from investing in shares of stock. Unlike stock, mutual fund shares do not give its holders any voting rights. A share of a mutual fund represents investments in many different stocks (or other securities) instead of just one holding.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૩ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

That's why the price of a mutual fund share is referred to as the net asset value (NAV) per share, sometimes expressed as NAVPS. A fund's NAV is derived by dividing the total value of the securities in the portfolio by the total amount of shares outstanding. Outstanding shares are those held by all shareholders, institutional investors, and company officers or insiders. Mutual fund shares can typically be purchased or redeemed as needed at the fund's current NAV, which—unlike a stock price—doesn't fluctuate during market hours, but it is settled at the end of each trading day. Ergo, the price of a mutual fund is also updated when the NAVPS is settled.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ 4 :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

The average mutual fund holds over a hundred different securities, which means mutual fund shareholders gain important diversification at a low price. Consider an investor who buys only Google stock before the company has a bad quarter. He stands to lose a great deal of value because all of his dollars are tied to one company. On the other hand, a different investor may buy shares of a mutual fund that happens to own some Google stock. When Google has a bad quarter, she loses significantly less because Google is just a small part of the fund's portfolio.

How Mutual Funds Work

A mutual fund is both an investment and an actual company. This dual nature may seem strange, but it is no different from how a share of AAPL is a representation of Apple Inc. When an investor buys Apple stock, he is buying partial ownership of the company and its assets. Similarly, a mutual fund investor is buying partial ownership of the mutual fund company and its assets. The difference is that Apple is in the business of making innovative devices and tablets, while a mutual fund company is in the business of making investments.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૫ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

a mutual fund in three ways:

Income is earned from dividends on stocks and interest on bonds held in the fund's portfolio. A fund pays out nearly all of the income it receives over the year to fund owners in the form of a distribution. Funds often give investors a choice either to receive a check for distributions or to reinvest the earnings and get more shares.

If the fund sells securities that have increased in price, the fund has a capital gain. Most funds also pass on these gains to investors in a distribution.

If fund holdings increase in price but are not sold by the fund manager, the fund's shares increase in price. You can then sell your mutual fund shares for a profit in the market.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૬ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

If a mutual fund is construed as a virtual company, its CEO is the fund manager, sometimes called its investment adviser. The fund manager is hired by a board of directors and is legally obligated to work in the best interest of mutual fund shareholders. Most fund managers are also owners of the fund. There are very few other employees in a mutual fund company. The investment adviser or fund manager may employ some analysts to help pick investments or perform market research. A fund accountant is kept on staff to calculate the fund's NAV, the daily value of the portfolio that determines if share prices go up or down. Mutual funds need to have a compliance officer or two, and probably an attorney, to keep up with government regulations.

Most mutual funds are part of a much larger investment company; the biggest have hundreds of separate mutual funds. Some of these fund companies are names familiar to the general public, such as Fidelity Investments, The Vanguard Group, T. Rowe Price, and Oppenheimer.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૭ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

Types of Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are divided into several kinds of categories, representing the kinds of securities they have targeted for their portfolios and the type of returns they seek. There is a fund for nearly every type of investor or investment approach. Other common types of mutual funds include money market funds, sector funds, alternative funds, smart-beta funds, target-date funds, and even funds of funds, or mutual funds that buy shares of other mutual funds.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૮ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

Equity Funds

The largest category is that of equity or stock funds. As the name implies, this sort of fund invests principally in stocks. Within this group are various subcategories. Some equity funds are named for the size of the companies they invest in: small-, mid-, or large-cap. Others are named by their investment approach: aggressive growth, income-oriented, value, and others. Equity funds are also categorized by whether they invest in domestic (U.S.) stocks or foreign equities. There are so many different types of equity funds because there are many different types of equities. A great way to understand the universe of equity funds is to use a style box, an example of which is below.

The idea here is to classify funds based on both the size of the companies invested in (their market caps) and the growth prospects of the invested stocks. The term value fund refers to a style of investing that looks for high-quality, low-growth companies that are out of favor with the market. These companies are characterized by low price-to-earnings (P/E) ratios, low price-to-book (P/B) ratios, and high dividend yields. Conversely, spectrums are growth funds, which look to companies that have had (and are expected to have) strong growth in earnings, sales, and cash flows. These companies typically have high P/E ratios and do not pay dividends. A compromise between strict value and growth investment is a "blend," which simply refers to companies that are neither value nor growth stocks and are classified as being somewhere in the middle.

GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૯ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

There's also an application called box cloud storage free Edit that you can install on a desktop PC to enable document editing. For example, if you open a DOCX file from your online box cloud storage free account and choose to make an edit, the file will open in Microsoft Office (if you have it installed). Then when you save it, the file will automatically upload back to your box cloud storage free account with the changes intact.


GPSC/બિન સચિવાલય/PSI ક્વિઝ ૧૦ :- અહિ ક્લિક કરો

How do private clouds work?

Private clouds rely on a handful of various technologies but understanding how virtualization works are the key to understanding how private clouds work. A private cloud uses virtualization technology to combine resources sourced from physical hardware into shared pools. This way, the cloud doesn't have to create environments by virtualizing resources one at a time from a bunch of different physical systems. A scripted IT process can just grab all those resources from a single source—like a data supermarket.

Adding a layer of management software gives administrative control over the infrastructure, platforms, applications, and data that will be used in the cloud by helping cloud admins track and optimize use, oversee integration points, and retain or recover data. When the final automation layer is added to replace or reduce human interaction with repeatable instructions and processes, the self-service component of the cloud is complete and that bundle of technologies is now a private cloud.


Cash Drag

Mutual funds pool money from thousands of investors, so every day people are putting money into the fund as well as withdrawing it. To maintain the capacity to accommodate withdrawals, funds typically have to keep a large portion of their portfolios in cash. Having ample cash is excellent for liquidity, but money that is sitting around as cash and not working for you is not very advantageous. Mutual funds require a significant amount of their portfolios to be held in cash in order to satisfy share redemptions each day. To maintain liquidity and the capacity to accommodate withdrawals, funds typically have to keep a larger portion of their portfolio as cash than a typical investor might. Because cash earns no return, it is often referred to as a "cash drag."

High Costs

Mutual funds provide investors with professional management, but it comes at a cost—those expense ratios mentioned earlier. These fees reduce the fund's overall payout, and they're assessed to mutual fund investors regardless of the performance of the fund. As you can imagine, in years when the fund doesn't make money, these fees only magnify losses. Creating, distributing, and running a mutual fund is an expensive undertaking. Everything from the portfolio manager's salary to the investors' quarterly statements cost money. Those expenses are passed on to the investors. Since fees vary widely from fund to fund, failing to pay attention to the fees can have negative long-term consequences. Actively managed funds incur transaction costs that accumulate over each year. Remember, every dollar spent on fees is a dollar that is not invested to grow over time.

"Diworsification" and Dilution

"Diworsification"—a play on words—is an investment or portfolio strategy that implies too much complexity can lead to worse results. Many mutual fund investors tend to overcomplicate matters. That is, they acquire too many funds that are highly related and, as a result, don't get the risk-reducing benefits of diversification. These investors may have made their portfolio more exposed. At the other extreme, just because you own mutual funds doesn't mean you are automatically diversified. For example, a fund that invests only in a particular industry sector or region is still relatively risky.

In other words, it's possible to have poor returns due to too much diversification. Because mutual funds can have small holdings in many different companies, high returns from a few investments often don't make much difference on the overall return. Dilution is also the result of a successful fund growing too big. When new money pours into funds that have had strong track records, the manager often has trouble finding suitable investments for all the new capital to be put to good use.

One thing that can lead to diworsification is the fact that a fund's purpose or makeup isn't always clear. Fund advertisements can guide investors down the wrong path. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires that funds have at least 80% of assets in the particular type of investment implied in their names. How the remaining assets are invested is up to the fund manager.3 However, the different categories that qualify for the required 80% of the assets may be vague and wide-ranging. A fund can, therefore, manipulate prospective investors via its title. A fund that focuses narrowly on Congolese stocks, for example, could be sold with a far-ranging title like "International High-Tech Fund."

Building a private cloud

Cloud infrastructure refers to the components needed for cloud computing. The basic elements of cloud infrastructure are the same whether you have a private cloud, public cloud, or a combination.

All clouds require operating systems—like Linux—but the infrastructure can include a variety of bare-metal, virtualization, or container software that abstract, pool, and share scalable resources across a network.

You can build a private cloud on your own using resources dedicated solely to you, or use prepackaged cloud infrastructure like OpenStack

Note that the sync client is not needed to use box cloud storage free Edit.

box cloud storage free Limitations

An upload limit is set at 250 MB per file. This applies to both the desktop applications as well as through the browser.

box cloud storage free is unable to password-protect shared files. This option is only available if you upgrade to a paid account.

Thoughts on box cloud storage free

We like the whole design of the web interface for box cloud storage free. It's very clean and isn't confusing in the slightest. Some of the features are only available if you upgrade to a paid subscription with box cloud storage free, and these settings are clearly marked as such, which is helpful.

The desktop application, box cloud storage free Sync, is even easier to use. There aren't any settings or options but to turn syncing on and off. While simplicity may be something of a benefit, it also means there are no additional options like manual bandwidth controls. If you're constantly syncing files between your desktop and online box cloud storage free account, you may witness network hiccups or slow internet upload/download speeds in other applications.

The mobile application is really nice. You're able to search through text in documents and easily open the portion of the file you're looking for. We found this very useful. Also, in the settings is an option to warn you when uploading files over 20 MB while away from Wi-Fi, which is handy if you've forgotten you're on a cell network.

You can also open documents and other files from your box cloud storage free account into other applications like Dropbox. So transferring files to another cloud storage service is possible.

We were able to upload pictures and videos in bulk to our box cloud storage free account from the mobile application, but not an entire album of media. Activity like this is shown in an activity log, where you can click any event and jump right to it on your box cloud storage free account.

Overall, we're very pleased with both the web and mobile version of box cloud storage free. 


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