Paliya No Itihas PDF Download 2021

The Paliya or Khambhi is a type of a memorial found in western India especially Saurashtra and Kutch regions of Gujarat state of India. They are also found in Sindh region of Pakistan. They mostly commemorates the death of a person. These stone monuments have symbols and inscriptions.[1] There are several types of memorials including dedicated to warriors (mostly Charan and kathis), sailors, sati, animals and associated with folklore. They are important in ethnography and epigraphy.



The word Paliya is might be gotten from the Sanskrit root Pal, "to secure". In Gujarati language, Pala signifies "a gathering of troopers in conflict" or "armed force". Different structures incorporate palia, pavaliyo, pario, palaa, paliu. They are otherwise called pariya in Parkari Koli language and loharti in Dahatki dialects of Sindh. Loharti might be gotten from term Lohar which means iron-smith which were authorized in past to imprint dedication stones rather than stone-etchers. The term may likewise allude to tablet or stone engraved with hammer. Khambhi is gotten from Sanskrit term Stambha which implies a segment. It is for the most part used to allude remembrance stone committed to individuals who end their lives or submit self-immolation.


The practice began in Vedic period when the dead bodies were not incinerated yet either covered or glided in the waterway. The spot of entombment were at first set apart with single stone and later stone circle which are found during unearthings. Later the training advanced into Lashti or a stone section with engravings which had names of people, spot and dates. Four such Lashtis of Kshatrapa period (first century) found in Kutch are currently at Kutch Museum. The training advanced in different kinds of commemorations across India like stupa, cenotaphs, remembrance sanctuaries. The kinds of such commemorations are tracked down all over India, for example, legend stones in South India. They regularly convey engravings showing an assortment of enhancements, including bas alleviation boards, frieze, and figures on cut stone. In western India, it advanced into paliya or Khambhi which has similitudes with legend stones of South India. A large number of stone remembrances are found across towns in Gujarat particularly Kutch and Saurashtra. The most punctual dedications are found in Andhau town in Khavda, Kutch which traces all the way back to the second century. The practice got famous after the fifteenth century and the enormous number of stones are raised after that. Some ancestral social orders actually raises stone commemorations around there.


They are raised edge of towns and town for the most part. They are additionally raised close to front line or spot of death on the off chance that they are devoted to a fighter. Now and then they are raised close to sanctuaries or spots of love. Despite the fact that they are found across India in different structures, they are ordinarily found in Saurashtra and Kutch district of Gujarat. They are additionally found in Sindh, Pakistan.

The noticeable piece of commemoration stones are around two feet wide and three feet in stature. The lower part is covered up to ten feet in ground. The top line are half-circle in early stones which are three-sided in later stones. They are for the most part of sandstone as they are not difficult to carve.[6] Sometimes they are raised on structure and infrequently deri, a holy place or Chhatri, a cenotaph is worked over them when they have a place with regal families.

These commemorations have three sections; the head with different sorts of images, center has an individual committed to whom the stone is raised and base having engraving which incorporate name, spot, occasion and time with some more data some of the time. The images in head consistently incorporate sun and moon which represents unceasing greatness. The stones raised after seventeenth century incorporates insignia and deepak and point by point enhancement in foundations. The center part incorporates human figure with assortment of weapons, mounts, garments and things. The lower part has engraving in language and style of the time




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